What did Motte and Bailey castles look like?

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What did Motte and Bailey castles look like?

Motte and bailey castles contained a large, circular mound, usually up to 5m high, on which stood a wooden tower or keep. The mound was surrounded by a ditch and there would have been a bailey, or enclosed courtyard, attached.

What is the purpose of a motte in a castle?

A motte was an earth mound, forming a defensible raised platform on which a tower – a keep – could be built. The earth for the motte would be taken from around its own base, forming a deep ditch, aiding the builders’ ability to defend. The motte would be strengthened with wooden supports or clay.

What was a Motte and Bailey castle made out of?

wood
Motte and bailey castles were made of wood. Wooden castles were quick to build and repair, but they were easy to attack and burn down. Stone castles were stronger and did not rot like wood, but they were expensive and took many years to build.

What was the safest place in a Motte and Bailey castle?

The keep
The keep was the building where the owners of the castle would live. It was the safest place in the castle. The bailey was open, flat ground surrounded by a tall, wooden fence, often topped with spikes. You may like this Did Asteria have any children?

What are the main features of a Motte and Bailey castle?

The castle is made up of two parts. The motte is a raised mound or earthwork which would have a stone or wooden keep on top. A keep is a kind fortified tower. The bailey is an enclosed courtyard that was protected by a ditch and a palisade – which is a wall made from wooden stakes.

What were the advantages of motte and bailey castles?

Motte and Bailey castles were an attractive design for many reasons. They could be built extremely quickly, and only needed basic materials for their construction (such as earth, and wood). This meant that they were very cheap to make.

What are the advantages of a Motte and Bailey castle?

Motte and Bailey Castles

Advantages quick to build protected by the soldiersDisadvantages made of wood temporary
Evaluation A motte and bailey castle was a way that William the Conqueror could control his land that he had just won. This was only temporary solution though so that is why stone castles started to be built

What were the problems with Motte and Bailey castles?

The major weakness of the motte and bailey castle was the likelihood of the keep rotting or burning down. The solution was to build stone keeps but these could not always be built on the same site since the weight of the stone would sink into the motte.

When were Motte and Bailey castle used?

Motte and bailey castles were first used by the Normans as far back as 1020 AD. They used motte-and-bailey castles after winning the Battle of Hastings in 1066 to keep their settlements safe and secure. The castle is named after Norman words. You may like this Is Jagex under investigation?

What are the disadvantages of Motte and Bailey castles?

What are the pros and cons of a Motte and Bailey castle?

What are 5 features of Norman castles?

Can’t findeverythingat your castle?

  • So you’re ina Norman castle.
  • The ‘Motte’ – the. mound where the castle was built. This hadsteep sides to make it tricky for the enemy to run up.
  • Curved, arched. doorways – arches were in fashion back then. Small, narrow.
  • Large, stone. building blocks. and thick walls.
  • It’s dark.
  • What are the features of a motte and bailey castle?

    A keep is a kind fortified tower. The bailey is an enclosed courtyard that was protected by a ditch and a palisade – which is a wall made from wooden stakes. Below is a diagram of a motte and bailey castle which shows the key features of the castle. Motte and bailey castles were first used by the the Normans.

    Where did the name motte and bailey come from?

    The name motte and bailey come from Norman words. Motte means mound or ‘clod of earth’ and bailey means an enclosure. As many as 1,000 Motte and Bailey Castles may have been built in England by the Normans. The last motte-and-bailey castles were built in 1200.

    Where is the motte and bailey castle in Jordan?

    The monument includes part of a motte and bailey castle, situated at the summit of a steep natural spur, overlooking River Jordan at the head of the impressive Jordan Valley and with wide views to the coast. The castle survives as a circular mound or motte with a small bank at the summit representing a possible building.

    What was the Keep on top of the motte called?

    The steep embankment on the side of the motte was known as a Scarp. The Keep The keep on top of the motte was the castle’s primary defensive element. It was surrounded by a protective wall, originally made of wood.

    What materials were used to build a motte and bailey castle?

    A motte and bailey castle is, as the name suggests, made up of two parts: the motte and the bailey. The motte is a raised mound or earthwork with a stone or wooden keep (a fortified tower) on top.

    What are the main features of a motte and bailey castle?

    A motte and bailey castle is, as the name suggests, made up of two parts: the motte and the bailey. The motte is a raised mound or earthwork with a stone or wooden keep (a fortified tower) on top . The bailey is a courtyard enclosed and protected by a ditch and a palisade (a wall made from lare wooden stakes).

    How did motte and bailey castles get their name?

    Regardless, the name ‘motte and bailey’ derives from the Norman words for ‘mound’ (motte), and ‘enclosure’ (bailey). These words describe the most important aspects of the castles’ design.

    What does motte bailey castles mean?

    A motte-and-bailey castle is a fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised area of ground called a motte, accompanied by a walled courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade.

    A motte was an earth mound, forming a defensible raised platform on which a tower – a keep – could be built. The earth for the motte would be taken from around its own base, forming a deep ditch, aiding the builders’ ability to defend.

    What are motte and bailey castles for kids?

    What is a Motte and Bailey Castle? The castle is made up of two parts: The motte is a raised mound of earth which has a wooden or stone building on it, often referred to as a keep. The bailey is an enclosed courtyard that is surrounded by walls and a ditch and palisade — which is a wooden stake fence.

    What were the advantages of Motte and Bailey castles?

    How would you describe a Motte and Bailey castle?

    A motte-and-bailey castle is a European fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised area of ground called a motte, accompanied by a walled courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade.

    What was the problem with motte and bailey castles?

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of a Motte and Bailey castle?

    What are the main features of a Norman castle?

    What are 2 features of a Norman castle?

    Key Features. Windows.

  • Doors. Castle doors had to be reinforced to withstand attack.
  • Towers. Crenellated towers are a distinguishing feature of Norman castles.
  • Timber. The first of England’s Norman castles were built from wood.
  • How did a Motte and Bailey castle work?

    Originally, these castles were constructed from timber and earth alone; they were cheap and easy to build and didn’t require any special design. The fortification consisted of a wooden keep that was placed on a raised earthwork called a motte, overlooking an enclosed courtyard called the bailey.

    What were the 2 main features of a Norman castle?

    What were the main defensive features of a castle?

    How to defend a castle

    • Building up high. Building a castle up high made it difficult for enemies to get to the castle.
    • Tall towers. Strong towers were added to curtain walls to watch out for enemies.
    • Battlements. Battlements were walls on the roof of a castle.
    • Arrow slits.
    • Moat.
    • Drawbridge.
    • Portcullis.
    • Dungeons.

      What was the problem with Motte and Bailey castles?

      What are the main features of a castle?

      Features

      • Moat – a perimeter ditch with or without water.
      • Barbican – a fortification to protect a gate.
      • Curtain Walls & Towers – the perimeter defensive wall.
      • Fortified Gatehouse – the main castle entrance.
      • Keep (aka Donjon or Great Tower) – the largest tower and best stronghold of the castle.

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